§192.531. Genetic Privacy.
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|§192.531. Genetic Privacy.|
|Official Text||§192.531. Genetic Privacy.|
|State or Province||Oregon|
|Scope of the Law||Health|
Text of the law
- GENETIC PRIVACY
- 192.531 Definitions for ORS 192.531 to 192.549. As used in ORS 192.531 to 192.549:
- (2) “Blanket informed consent” means that the individual has consented to the use of the individual’s DNA sample or health information for any future research, but has not been provided with a description of or consented to the use of the sample in genetic research or any specific genetic research project.
- (3) “Blood relative” means a person who is:
- (a) Related by blood to an individual; and
- (b) A parent, sibling, son, daughter, grandparent, grandchild, aunt, uncle, first cousin, niece or nephew of the individual.
- (4) “Clinical” means relating to or obtained through the actual observation, diagnosis or treatment of patients and not through research.
- (5) “Coded” means identifiable only through the use of a system of encryption that links a DNA sample or genetic information to an individual or the individual’s blood relative. A coded DNA sample or genetic information is supplied by a repository to an investigator with a system of encryption.
- (6) “Deidentified” means lacking, or having had removed, the identifiers or system of encryption that would make it possible for a person to link a DNA sample or genetic information to an individual or the individual’s blood relative, and neither the investigator nor the repository can reconstruct the identity of the individual from whom the sample or information was obtained. Deidentified DNA samples and genetic information must meet the standards provided in 45 C.F.R. 164.502(d) and 164.514(a) to (c), as in effect on July 17, 2007.
- (7) “Disclose” means to release, publish or otherwise make known to a third party a DNA sample or genetic information.
- (8) “DNA” means deoxyribonucleic acid.
- (9) “DNA sample” means any human biological specimen that is obtained or retained for the purpose of extracting and analyzing DNA to perform a genetic test. “DNA sample” includes DNA extracted from the specimen.
- (10) “Genetic characteristic” includes a gene, chromosome or alteration thereof that may be tested to determine the existence or risk of a disease, disorder, trait, propensity or syndrome, or to identify an individual or a blood relative. “Genetic characteristic” does not include family history or a genetically transmitted characteristic whose existence or identity is determined other than through a genetic test.
- (11) “Genetic information” means information about an individual or the individual’s blood relatives obtained from a genetic test.
- (12) “Genetic privacy statutes” means ORS 192.531 to 192.549, 659A.303 and 746.135 and the provisions of ORS 659A.300 relating to genetic testing.
- (13) “Genetic research” means research using DNA samples, genetic testing or genetic information.
- (14) “Genetic test” means a test for determining the presence or absence of genetic characteristics in an individual or the individual’s blood relatives, including tests of nucleic acids such as DNA, RNA and mitochondrial DNA, chromosomes or proteins in order to diagnose or determine a genetic characteristic.
- (15) “Health care provider” has the meaning given that term in ORS 192.556.
- (16) “Identifiable” means capable of being linked to the individual or a blood relative of the individual from whom the DNA sample or genetic information was obtained.
- (17) “Identified” means having an identifier that links, or that could readily allow the recipient to link, a DNA sample or genetic information directly to the individual or a blood relative of the individual from whom the sample or information was obtained.
- (18) “Identifier” means data elements that directly link a DNA sample or genetic information to the individual or a blood relative of the individual from whom the sample or information was obtained. Identifiers include, but are not limited to, names, telephone numbers, electronic mail addresses, Social Security numbers, driver license numbers and fingerprints. Identification
- (19) “Individually identifiable health information” has the meaning given that term in ORS 192.556.
- (20) “Obtain genetic information” means performing or getting the results of a genetic test.
- (21) “Person” has the meaning given in ORS 433.045.
- (22) “Research” means a systematic investigation, including research development, testing and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalized knowledge.
- (23) “Retain a DNA sample” means the act of storing the DNA sample.
- (24) “Retain genetic information” means making a record of the genetic information.
- (25) “Unidentified” means deidentified or not identifiable. [Formerly 659.700; 2003 c.333 §1; 2005 c.678 §1; 2007 c.800 §6]
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